Patent Office, China establish electronic exchange for application priority docs

A new service allows the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to electronically exchange certain patent application documents with its equivalent office in China, the agency announced Oct. 10.

2014_10_patent The new free service will allow the U.S. and China to exchange patent application priority documents electronically. (Credit:

At issue are so-called patent application priority documents. Under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, patent applicants who file in one country have a year to file in other member countries in order to hold on to their priority date. The priority documents establish the facts of the prior filing.


Michelle Lee, deputy undersecretary of commerce for intellectual property and deputy director of the USPTO, said the move was meant to streamline filing.

“By expediting the processing of patent applications between the USPTO and SIPO [State Intellectual Property Office of China], we can provide greater cost savings to applicants and advance our goals toward stronger global intellectual property promotion and protection,” she said in a statement released this month.

First created in 2007, priority document exchange programs aim to cut down on the backlog of patent applications around the world. The U.S. already has electronic priority document exchange agreements in place with the Japan, Korea and Europe.

“It’s a relatively small component of a much larger effort to streamline the process of international filing,” Edward Lee, professor and director of the Program in Intellectual Property Law at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, told FedScoop.

He said the patent office also has a pilot program, called the Patent Prosecution Highway, to fast-track patent applications that have already received a final ruling from another participating patent office. The U.S. has such agreements with Japan, the U.K. and China.


Lee said China has seen a major uptick in patent applications in recent years as businesses have moved into the country and wanted to protect their intellectual property.

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